Common Shoulder Conditions

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Common shoulder conditions

The shoulder is the most flexible joint in the body and can be affected by a number of common conditions.

The shoulder joint allows us an incredible range of motion and is well supported by a complex structure of tendons, ligaments and muscles. But this flexibility makes it vulnerable to overuse and injury. Shoulder pain is not uncommon and can cause severe discomfort. If the condition is left untreated, it can lead to painful symptoms that don’t respond to medication or rest, such as stiffness, restricted movement and shoulder instability. 

Persistent pain may indicate a number of common shoulder conditions including frozen shoulder, shoulder bursitis, shoulder impingement, shoulder slap tear or shoulder injury. Shoulder conditions can be diagnosed and treated through examination, imaging and surgery where necessary.

Frozen shoulder

Frozen shoulder is a common shoulder complaint caused by thickening tissue. Symptoms include pain, stiffness and limited motion.

Shoulder dislocation

Shoulder dislocation occurs when the ball of the arm bone is pushed out of the socket, usually as a result of sudden injury.

Shoulder bursitis

Bursitis is a common cause of shoulder pain that is caused by an inflammation of the bursa. It is usually brought on by overuse or repetitive movement.

Shoulder fractures

Shoulder fractures can affect the collarbone, shoulder blade or upper arm. This painful condition is usually caused by accident or injury.

Shoulder Instability

Shoulder instability occurs when the surrounding structures do not effectively keep the ball of the arm bone securely in the shoulder socket.


Rotator cuff tear

A rotator cuff tear occurs when the tendon becomes separated from the bone. It can range in severity and usually happens as a result of wear and tear or injury.

Shoulder SLAP Tear

A shoulder SLAP tear is caused by damage to the cartilage inside the shoulder joint. It can vary in severity and can cause painful symptoms.

Shoulder impingement

Shoulder impingement is a painful condition that occurs when the space between the top of your shoulder and your rotator cuff is restricted by swollen tendons or bone spurs.

Shoulder Arthritis

There are several different types of arthritis that can affect the shoulder, all of which can significantly impact your quality of life. 

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